The Protection of Human Rights Act 1993, an Act of the Parliament, provides for establishment of the National Human Rights Commission at the national level and State Human Rights Commissions at the state level.
The Rajasthan State Human Rights Commission is one of the leading State Commissions in the country. In a short span it has achieved many milestones in its mission for the protection and promotion of Human Rights.
The State Government of Rajasthan issued a Notification on January 18, 1999 for the constitution of the State Commission having one full time Chairperson and 4 Members in accordance with the provisions of The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. The Commission was fully constituted by appointment of the Chairperson along with the Members and became functional from March 2000.
Rajasthan State Human Rights Commission having one Chairperson and 2 Members in accordance with the provisions of The Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006. The particulars of the Hon’ble Chairperson and Hon’ble Members are as follows :
- Justice Gopal Krishan Vyas, Honourable Chairperson
- Justice Shri Ram Chandra Singh Jhala, Honourable Member
- Shri Mahesh Goyal, Honourable Member
The main mandate of the State Commission is to function as a watch dog for human rights in the State. Under the 1993 Act, human rights are defined in Section 2(d) and are those justiciable rights which can be enforced in a court of law in India. Most of the universal human rights as defined in the UN Charter of 10th December, 1948 are included and are being vigorously enforced.
The Human Rights Commission is an autonomous high power human rights watch body which derives its authority from the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. Its autonomy lies, among other things, in the method of appointment of its Chairperson and Members, their fixed tenure and the statutory guarantee provided in section 23 of the Act, and the financial autonomy referred to in section 33 of the Act. The high status of the Commission is found in the status of the Chairperson, Members and its functionaries. Unlike other Commissions, only a former Chief Justice of a High Court can be appointed as Chairperson and, likewise, the Secretary to the Commission is an officer not below the rank of Secretary to the State Government. The Commission has an investigating agency of its own headed by a police officer not below the rank of Inspector General.